McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Solution One builder and likewise has a history of completing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis contractor, and has actually won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing champion. The group is the second earliest active, and 2nd most successful Formula One team after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Drivers' Champions and 8 Builders' Champions. The group is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest preliminary success remained in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Further American victory followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars and trucks for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a screening mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their very first Solution One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Job 4 Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and quickly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take full control of the team. This began the team's most effective period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna Continue reading took between them seven Chauffeurs' Championships and the group took 6 Constructors' Championships. The combination of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later on their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams provided the most constant obstacle during this period, the two winning every contractors' title in between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had relocated to Williams, and the group went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, further champions can be found in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the team were consistent front-runners, chauffeur Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to very long time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the first time because 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until at least 2024. After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Formula One team Cooper with whom he had won three Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Championship. Wanting to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, but when team owner Charles Cooper insisted on using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman rules, Bruce chose to establish his own group to run him and his potential Solution One colleague Timmy Mayer with customized Cooper automobiles.